Matthew Opoku Prempeh: A Remarkable Odyssey of Governance in Ghana

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Dr. Matthew Opoku Prempeh is a prominent Ghanaian politician who has made important contributions to the country’s affairs. He formerly served as the Minister of Education and is currently the Minister of Energy. Dr.Prempeh has had a considerable impact on and made contributions to important areas of Ghana’s development as a senior member of the New Patriotic Party (NPP). This article details Dr. Matthew Opoku Prempeh’s life, incredible political journey, and accomplishments, notably in the fields of energy and education.

Early Years and Education

Dr. Matthew Opoku Prempeh was born on May 23, 1968. He completed his primary, secondary, and tertiary education in Kumasi and graduated from Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology with a Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Human Biology and a Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (MB, CHB). He continued his education in clinical epidemiology at Erasmus University in the Netherlands before joining the Glasgow-based Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons.

Political Journey

Dr. Prempeh ventured into politics, aligning with the New Patriotic Party (NPP) and winning the mandate to represent the Manhyia constituency in 2008. He later became the Member of Parliament for Manhyia South Constituency in 2012, retaining the seat in subsequent elections. He then served as Minister for Education from 2017 to 2021, overseeing significant education initiatives and reforms, including the flagship Free Senior High School program. He is currently the Minister of Energy after his appointment after the 2020 elections.


Energy Ministry

Dr. Matthew Opoku Prempeh assumed the position of Ghana’s Minister of Energy in 2021, fully aware of the turbulent past of the industry. In order to tackle the issues facing the sector, he came up with practical solutions and pushed himself and his team hard.

He has led numerous important projects in this capacity, such as setting goals for rural electrification, renegotiating power agreements, improving the cylinder recirculation concept, and creating a petroleum center. Through the Energy Industry Recovery Programme (ESRP), he has concentrated on increasing the efficiency of the energy industry and resolving Ghana’s energy debt.

Downstream Petroleum Initiatives

Additionally, Dr. Prempeh promoted downstream petroleum operations, which resulted in the lifting of restrictions on the development of LPG refilling plants and the funding of the National LPG Promotion Programme (NLPGPP). The deployment of improved, energy-efficient cook stoves as well as effective subsidy management are sustainable initiatives to achieve this goal.

Upstream Petroleum Initiatives

Dr. Prempeh managed initiatives in the upstream oil and gas industry, researching new discoveries and putting plans into action with a view to increasing reserves and oil and gas output. An important development was the granting of conditional consent for the evaluation of important discoveries, which has increased the nation’s reserves and income.

Enhancements to the Sustainable Power Supply

Dr. Prempeh’s leadership led to significant advancements in the power sector, which led to a consistent supply of electricity throughout all regions. Notably, during his administration, Ghana’s electricity industry experienced notable advances in 2022. The stabilisation of power supplies across regions, the commissioning of crucial infrastructure like transmission lines and substations, and the promotion of renewable energy through initiatives like the Kaleo/Lawra Solar Project

In keeping with the objective of guaranteeing a steady supply of electricity, significant initiatives like substation commissioning and transmission line upgrades made the power network more dependable.

Comprehensive sustainability measures

Dr. Prempeh put into practice a variety of sustainability measures, such as effective subsidy management, less reliance on wood fuels, and more reliance on clean energy sources. These actions were vital in providing a more sustainable energy environment for Ghana while also improving energy efficiency and lowering environmental impact.

Educational Sector

Free Senior High School (SHS) Policy Implementation




Dr. Prempeh played a crucial role in the effective implementation of the government’s flagship policy, the Free Senior High School program. With the elimination of financial constraints and an increase in enrollment rates, this programme aimed to give secondary school access to all Ghanaian pupils who were qualified.

Downstream Petroleum Initiatives

Reforms to the curriculum

Dr. Prempeh’s leadership enabled the Ministry of Education to implement extensive curricular changes that will improve the standard and value of education. The goal of these revisions was to modernise the curriculum, bring it up to date with international standards, and give students skills they will need in the future.

Teacher Reforms and Training

Dr. Prempeh placed a high priority on programmes that would improve teachers’ abilities and capabilities. This featured a range of training courses and workshops designed to enhance teaching approaches and guarantee that teachers are suitably qualified to provide high-quality instruction.

Promotion of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET)


Dr. Prempeh concentrated on reviving the Technical, Vocational Education, and Training (TVET) sector, realising the value of it in closing the skills gap and promoting entrepreneurship. To make TVET a desirable option for students and a realistic route to work, he started initiatives to improve its reputation and perception.

Achievements and recognition

Dr. Matthew Opoku Prempeh’s outstanding leadership has been recognised with honours, including being named the best minister in 2017 and 2019. Additionally, he received the Harvard Ministerial Medal of Achievement for 2020. As a result of his significant contributions to education, he was awarded honorary doctorates from illustrious universities, which recognised his commitment and successes as the Education Minister.

The National Union of Ghana Students (NUGS) honoured Dr.Matthew Opoku Prempeh as an outgoing Minister of Education for his significant contributions to education in Ghana, especially for his instrumental role in implementing the Free Senior High School (Free SHS) programme.

In conclusion, Dr. Matthew Opoku Prempeh’s diversified career has included leadership roles in the energy and education sectors as well as in politics, demonstrating his commitment to improving Ghana.

Dr. Matthew Opoku Prempeh is a dynamic and adaptable person who has been instrumental in Ghana’s government in the areas of education and energy. Dr. Prempeh’s influence is evident, spanning from his current role as the person in charge of the energy sector to his role in pioneering reforms in the education sector, including his support for the Free Senior High School program. His political career in Ghana has been distinguished by commitment and significant contributions as an ardent supporter of the NPP, leaving an imprint that will never be erased on the advancement of the country. His experiences demonstrate a combination of leadership, knowledge, and commitment to Ghana’s future and people.

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